Stroke is one of the most frequent leading starting point of handicap nowadays. Approximately a third of the cases end with death, the second third become disabled for the whole life. It is also the fifth main cause of death all over the world, according to the fact that stroke mortality definitely will triple in the next two decades.
The age limit of stroke is undefined. It may be experienced at any age, but most common is in
people over 60 years.
What’s the cause of stroke?
It occurs when it comes to cut off the blood supply to the brain. Brain cells without oxygen die quickly. If it does not come to death, in the indivudual who suffers a stroke can be noticed losing the memmories, even the abilities which are in the affected parts of the brain.
There are two kinds of stroke:
– caused by aneurysm (enlarged artery) which bursts and blood flows in the
brain causing pressure, or by leaked blood vessel.
– Intracerebral hemorrhage – killed brain cells while a damaged blood vessel leaks
directly into the brain. It may occur due to a genetic malformation of veins and arteries
in central nervous system. If it’s detected on time, it can be treated to prevent stroke.
– Subarachnoid hemorrhage – bleeding is between brain and other surrounding tissues.
It’s usually caused by a burst aneurysm, or as a result of head injury.
– caused by stopped blood supply to the brain as a result of blockage of
blodd in the blood vessels, and the most common type of stroke at the same time.
– Embolic stroke – it’s usually caused by blood clot or broken arterial plaque in the
circulatory system. When such a mass moves up to the brain and comes into too small
vessel so it can’t pass through it, it can get stuck here.
– Thrombotic stroke – blood clot cause a blockage inside one of the arteries that bring
blood to the brain.
– “Mini-stroke” – temporary blood blockage in the brain with no long-term damage. Many
symptoms can be detected on your own, try to see a healthcare provider.
12 early symptoms of a stroke
1. Pain on one side of the face, arm, leg;
2. Foggy vision;
3. Trouble with breathing or swallowing;
4. Delayed hand tremors;
5. Total loss of balance;
6. Problems with walk;
7. Facial paralysis;
8. Massive headache;
11.Difficulty with speaking;
How to prevent stroke?
More than 80% of strokes can be prevented using this tips:
– blood pressure less than 120/80;
– body Mass index of 25 or less;
– 5 days a week, 30 minutes exeercise;
– one glass per day of any alcohol;
– blood sugar level in order;
– stop smoking.
FAST for stroke!
– F (face) – Notice dropping on ont side of the face;
– A (Arms) – Raise both arms and look for drooping on one side of the face;
– S (Speech) – Repeat a phrase without slurring.
– T (Time) – Call emergency services if you see any suspect for stroke.